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General status

Port condition

  • Naturally blessed port with a favorable port environment where the water is calm and requires no breakwater.
    • Harbor area : 116.4㎢ (Sea 106.7㎢, land 9.7㎢)
  • A huge and integrated port with great growth potential with an extensive and wide background industries. Capable of being the maritime logistics hub of Northeast Asia in 21C.

Port entry fairways

7 fairways in the port
7 fairways in the port
Fairway Length(m) Depth of water(m) Width(m) Leads to Remarks
Fairway 1 3,074 28 700-1,200 Yeosu (industrial complex) and Gwangyang  
Fairway 2 1,852 13 400 Yeosu (Industrial complex)  
Fairway 3 3,290 22 380-500 Gwangyang  
Fairway 4 3,150 16 450 "  
Hadong Fairway 2,900 18.5 300 Hadong thermal power plant  
Yulchon Fairway 2,100 5~7 200 HYUNDAI HYSCO  
Cement wharf entry Fairway 3,800 9 100 Cement wharf  

Specific waters

Nam-myun & Seo-myun coast in Namhae-gun and a part of Yeosu city (length 35.7km, width 1.9-7.6km, area 186㎢, Depth of water 13-41m)

Berthing capacity

99berths (including passenger facilities and oil facilities)

Annual cargo handling capacity

188,376thousand RT/year (3,840thousand TEU/year)

Anchorage capacity

Yeosu port : 2 anchorages, Gwangyang port : 13 anchorages, outside port limit : 8 anchorages

Throughput (performance and projection)

(Unit : 1000 DWT(RT))

Cargo Traffic Handling Performance and Projection
Port 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
Nationwide 836,722 988,849 1,209,790 1,539,540 1,808,181
Busan 117,229 217,217 262,070 339,288 416,721
Gwangyang 139,476 177,483 206,691 266,437 321,374
Ulsan 151,067 162,414 171,664 228,809 252,611
Incheon 120,399 123,453 149,785 156,712 184,979
Pyeongtaek/Dangjin 31,122 42,514 76,681 134,944 158,952
Pohang 51,134 54,692 63,108 75,271 84,695

General direction of the port development

  • Naturally blessed with favorable port environment, Gwangyang port is being developed as the Korea’s largest industry cluster port leading the nation’s economic development.
  • To accommodate surging wheeled cargoes, part of container terminal is being reestablished as an international vehicle transshipment hub.
  • Enhancement of port service and competitiveness of container terminals to cope up with vessel scale-up
    • Improvement of specially designated sea area in the port entrance to provide safer entry and departure of large vessels.
    • Installation of super post panamax class container cranes to keep up with vessel scale-up so to improve competitiveness of container terminals.

Port management and operation plan

Reestablishment of port functions
  • Reestablishment and functions reallocation of unused container facilities to maximize the utilization of container terminals,
    • Revitalization of ports with low rate of operation through specialized utilization of the ports.
  • Reallocation of port functions base on port districts, changes of cargo throughputs of each port to improve productivity and to enhance service level.
  • Recalibration or maintenance of functions of the ports supporting industrial complex and petrochemical complex
Port management and operation plan
Port cargo types
current 2020
Gwangyang CTS terminal coal other ore
Ore terminal
(DWT 200,000X2)
coal iron ore
Phase 1
(berth #3, #4)
vehicles Miscellaneous goods
3-2 phase port Multipurpose
(Miscellaneous goods)
Yeocheon Sapo #1 port petrochemical products Oil
Sapo #2 port petrochemical products other ore
Nakpo port
(3,000×1, 20,000×1)
petrochemical products other ore
Nakpo port
petrochemical products Port closure
Petrochemical port petrochemical products Oil
Port operation and management
  • Generation of container cargos and container terminal invigoration by attracting logistics corporations into port hinterland and by supporting expansion of behind industrial complex.
    • Customer-oriented operation of industry supporting ports for smoother cargo handling of operators.
    • The 3rd Dredged Soil Dumping area will be developed as ports and industrial complex to be an economic development stronghold of the port region.
    • Gwangyang phase 3-2 is to be developed as a RORO terminal and before the completion of the construction, wheeled vehicles are being handled at phase 1, berth #3 ~ #4 to improve utilization of the port.
    • Attracting logistics corporations, which can generate cargos, to the port hinterland and induce to handle the cargos at Gwangyang port.
  • Renewal of old liquid ports such as Nakpo port and Junheung port to increase petrochemical products handling capacity
  • Depth dredging of waterways to cope up with vessel scale-up and to provide safe passages to large iron ore and coal carriers.
  • Reviewing function conversion of lighters wharfs and common use ports into exclusive use ports and general cargo ports base on cargo handling characteristics and operation conditions.
Improvement of port environment
  • In mid-to-long term, continuously increase width and depth of waterways and berthing areas to cope up with vessel scale-up and to provide stable and safe voyage conditions.
  • Expansion of anchorages to be better prepared for future Gwangyang steel ports and container terminals congestion and in case of emergency.
  • Improvement of drainageway in Gwangyang port hinterland to harmonize logistics and waterfront functions. Planning of port management and operation reflecting urban functions.